The Government of Great Britain & Irelandis the central government of the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The government is led by the prime minister, who selects all the remaining ministers. The prime minister and the other most senior ministers belong to the supreme decision-making committee, known as the Cabinet. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory. The government is responsible for administrating the British Empire which rules from the deserts of South Africa all the way to the tropical jungles of the West Indies. The British Empire covers a giant 3,570,600 sq miles. It is true that the sun shall never set upon the British Empire.
The British Empire
Map of the British Empire in 1750 ~ The King's Domains
Note: There are more territories, but these mark the King's official domains, which are held directly under his power.
European (English, Scots, Welsh, Irish, Germanic, French, Spaniard, Dutch, etc)
Asian (Indo-Aryan, Siamese, Pacific Islander, etc)
Various minority groups
Primary Religious Sect
Christianity (Anglicanism, Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, etc)
Islam (Sunni, Shia, etc)
Buddhism (Vajrayana, Theravada, etc)
Various Pagan religions
Celtic (Scots, Gaelic, Welsh, Manx, Cornish (nearly extinct by 1750),
Norman (Jerriais, Guernésiais, Sercquiais, Auregnais)
The Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is ruled by a single monarch between the 17th Century to present day except during the interregnum of William III and Mary II. Unlike the co-monarchy period, the single monarch of the Kingdom of Great Britain is ruled by the power of a single crown, the Crown of England. Then after the co-monarchy period of Queen Anne, George I and now our king, George II lead as a single monarch. Due to English Bill of Rights, and later the English Act of Settlement the succession to the throne was to go to a English monarch, rather than the Scottish alternative, due to the Act of Security. The adoption of the Act of Settlement required that the British monarch be a protestant descendant of Sophia of Hanover, which helped install George I as King and begin the Hanoverian Dynasty.
Legislative power was vested in the Parliament of Great Britain, which replaced the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland after the Act of Union of 1707. After the succession of the Parliament of England. The Parliament of Great Britain included three elements: the House of Commons, the House of Lords, and the Crown-in-Parliament. England and Scotland were given seats in both the House of Lords and the House of Commons of the new parliament. Today, the House of Commons passes and speak about issues the nation is facing.
Here is the Constitution of Great Britain. This British constitution is not just one single document but is drawn from legislation, treaties, judicial precedents, convention, acts of parliament and etc...
N.B.: the official designation is the "United Kingdom of Great Britain"
Bicameral legislature, with a hereditary/appointive House of Lords and an elected House of Commons
Kingdom of France
Holy Roman Empire
Electorate of Bavaria
Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
Kingdom of the Swiss Confederacy
Kingdom of Prussia
Qing Dynasty of China
Kingdom of Joseon
Electorate of Saxony
Kingdom of Naples
The Feudalistic Kingdom of Japan
Kingdom of Denmark-Norway (2nd Kalmar Union)
Turkish Caliphate of the Ottoman Empire
Sultanate of Morocco
Trinh lords of Northern Vietnam
Nguyen lords of Southern Vietnam
Kingdom of Champasak
Kingdom of Vientiane
Kingdom of Luang Phrabang
Kingdom of Mrauk U (South Burma)
Kingdom of Lanna
Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of Mysore
Allied (Princely State)
Dominion of Rio de la Plata
Kingdom of Spain
Viceroyalty of New Spain
Allied = Nations or groups that have joined in an amity and association for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose (such as a military alliance, or a non-aggression pact); trade is normally if not always established between allied nations.
Friendly = Nations or groups that share a mutual understanding, and have enjoyed a period of peace and prosperity; cooperation is likely and negotiation is welcomed. Alliances or treaties of union besides trade are nonexistent.
Neutral = Not aligned with or in other terms; acting in a non-belligerent stance(not supporting any side or taking any position in a controversy by not assisting or participating in a dispute or war between others).
Indifferent = Having no particular interest or sympathy with one another in foreign affairs; apprehensive towards each other's actions and policies, but non-belligerent towards them; trade is not normally established between indifferent nations, but embargoes are likely, but uncommon.
Hostile = Not in engaged in armed conflict; in a state of disagreement, uneasy peace, and characterised as unsympathetic towards each other. Embargo is common between hostile nations
At War = Engaged in armed conflict or state of total war; in a state of disagreement, usually of more than two nations or smaller groups engaged in armed hostilities. Embargo is common between nations at war.
Unknown = Diplomatic relations not yet established or faction not yet discovered.
(Trade) = Indicates the basic economic concept that involves multiple (two) parties participating in the voluntary negotiation and then the exchange of one's goods and services for desired goods and services that someone else possesses. Diplomatic stance does not directly affect this instance, but being aligned with a faction does increase the probability of a successful trade negotiation.
(Embargo) = Indicates a partial or complete prohibition or ban on trade and commerce with a particular nation or a group of nations. Embargoes are considered strong diplomatic measures imposed in an effort, by the imposing country, to elicit a given national-interest result from the country on which it is imposed, whether it is to display international disapproval, or respond to a hostile act that does not warrant a declaration of war.
(Protectorate) = A protectorate is a territory which is not formally annexed but in which, by treaty, grant or other lawful means, the Crown has ultimate power and jurisdiction. Trade is automatically established upon the declaration of a protectorate.
(Princely State) = A princely state (also called a native state or Indian state) is a semi-independent state within the British EIC Indian Empire where a native Indian prince held rule on behalf of the British rather than them holding direct control over the state. Princely states can not have relations with other states without British approval.
(Protected State) = A protectorate differs from a "protected state". A protected state is a territory under a ruler which enjoys His Britannic Majesty's protection, over whose foreign affairs he exercises control, but in respect of whose internal affairs he does not exercise jurisdiction.
British Pound Sterling (£)
His Majesty's Treasury Total (£)
Yearly Empire Income
Yearly Tax Income
GDP (per Capita)
System of Economy
Sphere of Influence
Great Britain ranks first for the total metric tonnage of its merchant navy and holds approximately 850,000 metric tons (840,000 Imperial tons).
In the Mediterranean, British merchants sell shortcloth and kerseys in Smyrna and Aleppo in the Ottoman Empire as well as in Naples, Messina, Palermo, Malta, Alicante, Valencia. All British Mediterranean trade is regulated and dominated by the British Levant Company.
In West Africa, British merchants buy slaves (on average 68,000 Africans per year) and transport them to be sold in the Americas. Slave trade is the richest part of British trade at this current time. British Calabar is one of the major slave-trading ports on the Bight of Benin, the Slave Coast.
In South Africa, the Cape Colony originated in 1652 as a settlement of the Dutch East India Company. With the development of its trading empire in Southeast Asia, the company sought to establish a refreshment station on the shipping route from Europe. In 1726, Cape Colony was ceded from the Dutch Republic to the British after a costly war that relinquished occupation of the Dutch West Indies. Cape Colony became an important resupply depot for ships of the British East India Company allowing the trade company to expand itself greatly into the Indian subcontinent in the many years to come.
In India, the East India Company is very active. It has three autonomous presidencies: Bombay (present-day Mumbai), Madras (present-day Chennai) and Calcutta (present-day Kolkata). As of 1748, annual dividends yielded an average of 12%. However, during times of war, deficits replaced benefits. Perception of local taxes (diwani), sales of custom licenses (dastaks) and loans of military services to local princes were the only means to cover the expenses of the war. The company buys pepper, spices, tea, indigo, textiles (muslin, shawl, calico), leather, jewellery, woollen carpet and saltpetre. It sells wool, velvet, metal, glass, European liqueurs, weapons, and horses.
In Burma, the British has, since 1735, a counter at Cape Negrais at the southwestern tip of the Irrawaddy delta where they bought teak. In 1744, a British Officer was proclaimed the King of Siam, after he had killed the current king, Rama I. A year later, in 1745, the young officer gifted the entire Kingdom to King George, who rewarded the officer with its governorship. Burma, and Siam was later included in the East India Company's Raj.
On Borneo, the East India Company has a counter at Banjarmasin since 1738, which is supplied by the East India Company's province of Singapore. The city-state was first made a colony by King James I of England in 1612, on the basis of the Eastern Asian Colonization Charter (also acquired from the charter was India, Taiwan, and Shanghai).
In China, British merchants primarily purchase tea. Great Britain is the first country where the consumption of tea has spread among a large part of the population. However, tea is not the only merchandise that merchants are bringing back from China. They also purchase silk, cotton fabric, varnish, nacre, lacquer, China being very self-sufficient, most of the merchandises must be paid in silver by the British merchants. Commerce with China is currently dwarfed by trade/colonial expansion in India.
Commerce with the 13 colonies of continental North America is regulated by the Navigation Acts of 1651 and 1660 which reserves all trade to British vessels. Furthermore most exports (tobacco, sugar, molasses, indigo, furs, wood, naval furniture) from these colonies has to be exclusively destined to Great Britain while exports of grains, flour, rice, vegetables, fruits and salted fish can be sent to any nation. Imports have to be transported by ships coming from British ports. The only other imports tolerated is currently wines (from Madeira, Azores and Canary Islands) and salt destined to fisheries. Since 1733, prohibitive duty fees on sugar and molasses theoretically prevent any trade between British and French colonies. However, these measures just promote smuggling in and out of French and Spanish Antilles, mostly dominated by pirates, and foreign privateers. Furthermore, the 13 colonies are not allowed to establish heavy industry (for ex: foundries) but naval construction is promoted and subsidised.
The War Office
The War Office, responsible for the Army, was originally the Secretary at War's office. The first holder of the post was killed in battle - at sea - against the Dutch in 1666. It was not at first a big spending Department; office expenses for six months of 1673 amounted to £14 9s 0d. Horse Guards remained the military nucleus of the British Army, however through the years of increasing importance, the War Office has become the political epicentre for the British Army and the Royal Navy.
War Office departments
Office of the Secretary at War
Department of the Quartermaster-General
Department of the Master-General of the Ordnance
Office of the Paymaster of the Forces
British Military Ranks
( ) - denotes another term for rank.
Chief Petty Officer
Second Lieutenant (Cornet/Ensign)
Master and Commander
Admiral of the Fleet
(First Sea Lord)
The Royal Navy
The oldest of the Departments of the War Office is the Admiralty, responsible for the Navy. In 1546 Henry VIII created a Navy Board to oversee the administrative affairs of the naval service; policy direction, operational control and maritime jurisdiction remained in the hands of the Lord High Admiral. From 1628 this post was more often than not filled by a "committee" of Lords Commissioners - the Board of Admiralty, whose head was the First Lord, the Minister who was the political master of the Navy. For 200 years the Navy was run by these two Boards, under a system devised largely by Samuel Pepys. The organisation served well enough during the wars with the Spanish, Dutch and French, but relations between the two boards were not always harmonious.
The English East India Company is a English/British joint-stock company for med by London merchants due to their success on placing a English foothold in India when Queen Elizabeth I granted a royal charter which soon developed into a international trading company for pursuing trade with the East Indies but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent. The "Jewel of the Crown" refers to the British colony of India controlled by the British East India Company for it's large resources for economical and political control. The recent expansions in India are due to recent victories against other nations of powers which was had a firm hold of India before their defeat. Although they have a larger presence in the Indian subcontinent they still have trade influences meaning in turn British imperialist influences in other parts of the East Indies along with a new presence for conducting British trade in the West Indies and the rest of the Orient. For more Information about the EITC click here.
Territories/Colonies & their Governors
Note - Some territories annexed or given to Britain through treaties with the Netherlands, France, Portugal or Spain.
Note - All Governors/ Chief Commissionerss/Governor-Generals/Lt. Governors are decided by the King.
Great Britain & The European Continent
Secretary of State/Governor and Commander-in-Chief
During debates in Parliament, MPs and peers do not refer to each other by name but by a variety of formal titles according to their status.
This polite tone is adopted in an attempt to maintain order and good humour during debates.
In addition, parliamentarians do not address each other directly in debates.
Instead, MPs direct their points to the Commons Speaker and peers speak to the House of Lords as a whole.
Most MPs are referred to as "the Honourable Member for..." followed by the name of their constituency or as either "the Honourable gentleman" or "the Honourable lady".
If the MP being addressed is a member of the same party they are referred to as "my Honourable friend".
If the MP is a practising lawyer he or she is referred to as "Honourable and Learned".
If a member is a past or present member of the armed forces they may be addressed as "Honourable and Gallant".
"Right Honourable" indicates a member of the Privy Council - normally a past or present minister.
In the House of Lords, peers refer to each other as "my Noble friend", "the Noble Lord", "the Noble and Gallant Lord", or "the Noble and Learned Lord".
Peers are more likely to refer to members of other parties or groups as "friend" if they are friends in a real sense, even though this is not strictly correct parliamentary language while in the chamber.
His Majesty, George Augustus II - King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire
His Majesty's Cabinet
Cabinet ministers, like all ministers, are appointed and may be dismissed by the monarch at pleasure (that is, they may be dismissed without notice or reason given, although normally they are given a courteous option to resign), on the advice of the Prime Minister. The allocation and transfer of responsibilities between ministers and departments is also generally at the Prime Minister's discretion. The Cabinet has always been led by the Prime Minister, whose unpaid office as such was traditionally described as merely primus inter pares (first among equals)
His Grace The Duke of Newcastle, Lord John-Luke Octavius Dieudonné Goldtimbers - Prime Minister of Great Britain, First Lord of the Treasury, Leader of the House of Lords, Commander-in-Chief of HM Armed Forces, Chancellor of Cambridge University, 1st Duke of Edinburgh, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Newcastle-upon-Tyne (Lords)
The Right Honourable Earl of Bute, Lord Andrew Norrington Mallace II - Lord Chancellor of the Courts, Keeper of the Great Seal of the Realm, Second Lord of the Treasury, Governor of the British Virgin Islands and Gibraltar, the 3rd Earl of Bute, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Southwark (Lords)
His Grace The Duke of Bedford, Lord Nathaniel Joseph Benedict Johannes Adam Garland - Secretary at War, First Lord of the Admiralty, 4th Duke of Bedford, KT, KG, KB, FRS, MP (Lords)
The Right Honourable Earl Grey, Lord Joseph Archibald Grey - Lord President of the Council, Secretary of State for the Southern Department, Third Lord of the Treasury, Governor of Port Royal, British Ambassador to Switzerland, 1st Earl Grey, Viscount Howick, Baron Grey, KG, KB, FRS, MP for Northumberland (Lords)
The Right Honourable Earl of Portsmouth, Lord Nathaniel Huntington II - Secretary of State for the Northern Department, Master-General of the Board of Ordnance, Paymaster of the Forces, Head of the British Royal Army, A Director of the EITC Court of Directors, 1st Earl of Portsmouth, Viscount Lymington, Vice-Admiral of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, KB, FRS, MP (Lords)
His Grace The Duke of Hamilton, Lord Frederick Augustus II - Keeper of the Rolls and Records of the Chancery of England, Fourth Lord of the Treasury, 6th Duke of Hamilton, 7th Marquis of Exeter, KT, KB, PC, FRS, MP (Lords)
The primary advisory board to HM, the King, the Privy Council acts as a formal body of advisors comprised of senior politicians whom are all members of either the House of Lords or House of Commons. The Council's main function is to meet with the sovereign once a month to counsel him, and report to him the current positions of the government. The Privy Council acts as the High Court of Appeal for the entire British Empire.
His Grace The Duke of Hamilton, Lord Frederick Augustus II - Lord President of the Council, KT, KB, PC, FRS, MP (Lords)
His Grace The Duke of Edinburgh, Lord John-Luke Octavius Dieudonné Goldtimbers - Advisor of the Realm, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Newcastle-upon-Tyne (Lords)
The Right Honourable Earl of Bute, Lord Andrew Norrington Mallace II - Advisor of Foreign Affairs, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP (Lords)
The Right Honourable Earl of Harrington, Lord Samuel Harrington - Economic Advisor to HM The King, KB, PC, FRS, MP (Lords)
The Right Honourable Sir Blake Stewart - Advisor of the Military, Commodore in HM's Royal Navy, PC, FRS, MP (Commons)
House of Lords
The Upper House of the British Parliament, and the more powerful of the two. Membership to the House of Lords is by appointment only, and is reserved for senior politicians who hold peerages with the crown. Most HCOs sit in the House of Lords, as well as the Prime Minister if he is a peer.
The Right Honourable Earl Grey, Lord Joseph Archibald Grey - Lord President of the Council, Secretary of State for the Southern Department, Third Lord of the Treasury, Governor of Port Royal, British Ambassador to Switzerland, 1st Earl Grey, Viscount Howick, Baron Grey, KG, KB, FRS, MP for Northumberland
His Grace The Duke of Newcastle, Lord John-Luke Octavius Dieudonné Goldtimbers - Prime Minister of Great Britain, First Lord of the Treasury, Leader of the House of Lords, Commander-in-Chief of HM Armed Forces, Chancellor of Cambridge University, 1st Duke of Edinburgh, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Newcastle-upon-Tyne
The Right Honourable Earl of Bute, Lord Andrew Norrington Mallace II - Lord Chancellor of the Courts, Keeper of the Great Seal of the Realm, Second Lord of the Treasury, Governor of the British Virgin Islands and Gibraltar, the 3rd Earl of Bute, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Buteshire
The Right Honourable Earl of Portsmouth, Lord Nathaniel Huntington II - Secretary of State for the Northern Department, Master-General of the Board of Ordnance, Paymaster of the Forces, Head of the British Royal Army, A Director of the EITC Court of Directors, 1st Earl of Portsmouth, Viscount Lymington, Vice-Admiral of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, KB, FRS, MP for Westminister
His Grace The Duke of Hamilton, Lord Frederick Augustus - Keeper of the Rolls and Records of the Chancery of England, Fourth Lord of the Treasury, 6th Duke of Hamilton, 7th Marquis of Exeter, KT, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Kent
His Grace The Duke of Manchester, Lord Tyler Anthony Robert Wellington III - Governor-General of the African Colonies, Field Marshal of the Third Army, A Director in the EITC Court of Directors, 3rd Duke of Manchester, Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire, KT, KB, FRS, MP for Manchester
His Grace The Duke of Bedford, Lord Nathaniel Joseph Benedict Johannes Adam Garland - Secretary at War, First Lord of the Admiralty, 4th Duke of Bedford, KT, KG, KB, FRS, MP for Bedfordshire
The Right Honourable Earl of Chichester, Lord James Goldtimbers - Second Sea Lord of the Royal Navy, Master of the Great Wardrobe, Colonel of The 2nd Queens Regiment of Dragoon Guards, Great Master of the Order of the Bath, Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire, Custos Rotulorum of Northamptonshire, 1st Earl of Chicester, KB, FRS, MP for City of London
His Grace The Duke of Leinster, Lord Jaques Ames Calestyn Lamarr Antoinette - Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1st Duke of Leinster, Earl of Kildare, KG, FRS, MP for Leicestershire
The Right Honourable Earl of Salisbury, Lord Charles Salisbury - Vice-Admiral in His Majesty's Royal Navy, 1st Marquess of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury, KT, KG, KB, FRS, MP
House of Commons
The Lower House of Parliament that is comprised of a mix of elected and applicant officials, and contrary to the House of Lords, is open to any British citizen. The Speaker of the House of Commons is the highest ranking elected official in the nation and is elected at the beginning of each session of Parliament.
The Honourable John Firebreaker - Speaker of the House of Commons, British Special Envoy to Switzerland, MP for Oxfordshire
The Honourable William Brawlmartin - Governor of Sierra Leone, Chairman of the East India Company, Director in the EITC Court of Directors, East India Company Lieutenant-Governor, MP for Buckinghamshire
The Honourable Sir Jason Blademorgan - Captain in His Majesty's Army, Governor of New Jersey and Kingshead, KB, MP for Lancashire
The Honourable Sir Maxamillion Phillip Beckett - Vice-Admiral in His Majesty's Royal Navy, Treasurer of the Navy, Governor of New York, KG, KB, MP for Cumberland
The Honourable William Hullbatten - Brigadier-General in His Majesty's Army, A Director in the EITC Court of Directors, MP
The Honourable Sir William Alexander Garland (Grunt) - Former Rear Admiral in His Majesty's Royal Navy, KG, KB, FRS, MP for Essex
The Honourable Jack Stormrage - Colonel of His Majesty's Marine Forces, Colonel of the 2nd Royal Marine Battalion, MP for Yorkshire
The Honourable Sir Henry Grey, 1st Baronet - Governor of New South Wales, Captain in His Majesty's Navy, 1st Baronet, KB, MP for Northumberland
The Right Honourable Sir Blake Stewart - Commodore in His Majesty's Navy, PC, FRS, MP for Richmond
The Honourable Roger Warskull - East India Company Lieutenant-Governor, MP for Bristol
The Honourable Sir Richard James Humphrey Luther - Major in His Majesty's Army, FRS, MP for Hampshire
The Honourable Sir Roger Atkinson (Roger Gunshot) - Major in His Majesty's Army, Governor of the Leeward Islands, KB, FRS, MP for Stirlingshire
The Honourable Andrew Hoffman - Master and Commander (Commander) in His Majesty's Navy, Governor of Georgia , FRS, MP for Newham
The Honourable Bartholomew Wolfgang Jäger Swordfury - Major in His Majesty's Army, Governor of Newfoundland and Assam, MP for Lothian
The Honourable Marcus Livingston (Marc Warfury) - Commander of His Majesty's Marine Forces, Governor of the British Windward Islands, MP for Enfield
The Honourable Maus von Schwarz - Commander of His Majesty's Marine Forces, MP
The Honourable Eric Ironvan - Lieutenant of His Majesty's Army, MP for Durham
The Honourable Henry Edward (Underdog) - Lieutenant-Commander of His Majesty's Marine Forces, MP for Derbyshire
The Honourable William Goldsilver - Former Director in the Honourable East India Company, FRS, MP for Anglesey
The Honourable Sir Simon Pratton - Lieutenant-Commander in His Majesty's Royal Navy, FRS, MP
The Honourable Christopher Rigfury - Captain of His Majesty's Army, MP for Glamorganshire
The Honourable Sawyer Canning - Citizen, MP for Suffolk
The Honourable Christopher Swordshot - Private in His Majesty's Marine Forces, MP
The Honourable Theodore Tydeus Sebastians - Lieutenant in His Majesty's Royal Navy, MP
The Honourable Johnny Lancelot - Private in His Majesty's Marine Forces, MP
The Honourable Geoffrey Wildgrin - Private in His Majesty's Marine Forces, MP for Flintshire
The Honouable Geoffrey Calicorackham - Private in His Majesty's Marine Forces, MP for Sussex
The Honourable Matthew Macfalcon - Citizen, MP for Worcestershire
The Honourable Henry Roland - Solicitor, Former Corporal in the EITC Private Army, MP
HCO Job Descriptions:
The Monarch - Put simply, in charge of all decisions and the entire nation. The Head of State, head voice and authoritative figure used as a ruling note. Everything must be approved by him (or her), and he controls all departments and divisions of government but indirectly controls Parliament through his (or her) chosen Prime Minister. (1st)
The Prime Minister - The second-in-command to the monarch. It is the Prime Minister who controls the majority of Parliament, assumes post as leader in the absence of the monarch, and is head of HM Government during parliamentary debates. Leads all political, economic, military affairs, and is the leading figure in the government next to the King and oversees government in general. The Prime Minister may be a Lord or a Common, and may also conjointly be the Leader of the House of Commons/Lords. (2nd)
The Secretary of State for the Southern Department (Foreign Office) - A senior official within the Government and head of the Foreign Office. The office is a cabinet-level position, and is considered one of the Great Offices of State. It is considered a position similar to that of Foreign Minister in other countries. The Secretary of State's remit includes: relations with foreign countries, matters pertaining to the empire and the overseas territories in addition to the promotion of British interests abroad. The more senior Secretary of State for the Southern Department was responsible for relations with the Catholic and Muslim states of Europe. (3rd)
The Secretary of State for the Northern Department (Home Office) - A senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within His Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office. The office is a British Cabinet level position. The Home Secretary is responsible for the internal affairs of England and Wales, and for immigration and citizenship for Great Britain. The remit of the Home Office also includes policing in England and Wales and matters of national security. The Secretary of State for the Northern Department, the more junior of the two, was responsible for foreign relations with the Protestant states of Northern Europe.(4th)
The Lord Chancellor (Justice) - In charge of the judicial and disciplinary department. Advisor to the monarch, and leading figure in the Prime Minister's cabinet. May be present at both Houses, but may only sit with HM Government in the House of Commons. Presumed Head of the House of Lords, if present. The Lord Chancellor is the presumed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, unless a separate Lord Keeper is appointed by the monarch. (5th)
The Secretary at War (Military Administration) - The top advisor to the monarch and Prime Minister in times of war. A senior political position in the British government, with some responsibility over the administration and organization of the Army, but not over military policy. The Secretary at War runs the War Office. Position is elevated to 3rd in times of war. (6th)
The Lord President of the Council (Privy Council) - The fourth of the Great Officers of State of England, ranking below the Lord High Treasurer but above the Lord Privy Seal. The Lord President usually attends and is responsible for presiding over meetings of the Privy Council, presenting business for the monarch's approval. (7th)
The Master-General of the Board of Ordnance (HM Army) - A very senior British military position, usually held by a serving general. The Master-General of the Ordnance was responsible for all British artillery, engineers, fortifications, military supplies, transport, field hospitals and much else, and was not subordinate to the commander-in chief of the British military. (8th)
The First Lord of the Admiralty (HM Navy) - When the office of Lord High Admiral was "put into commission" it was exercised by a board of Lords Commissioners (or "Sea Lords") headed by a First Lord of the Admiralty, and not by a single man. The office of First Lord remained a political one which did not need to be filled by a professional naval officer, although it sometimes was. (9th)
Master of the Rolls (Justice) -The Keeper or Master of the Rolls and Records of the Chancery of England, known as the Master of the Rolls, is the second most senior judge in England and Wales after the Lord Chief Justice, and was initially a clerk responsible for keeping the "Rolls", or records, of the Court of Chancery, and was known as the Keeper of the Rolls of Chancery. The Keeper was the most senior of the dozen Chancery clerks, and as such occasionally acted as keeper of the Great Seal of the Realm. (10th)
George the Second, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire
His Grace The Duke of Edinburgh, John-Luke Octavius Dieudonné Goldtimbers, Prime Minister of Great Britain, First Lord of the Treasury, Leader of the House of Lords, Commander-in-Chief of HM Armed Forces, Chancellor of Cambridge University, 1st Duke of Edinburgh, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP for Newcastle-upon-Tyne
The Right Honourable Earl of Bute, Andrew Norrington Mallace II the Just, Lord Chancellor of the Courts, Keeper of the Great Seal of the Realm, Leader of the Tories, Second Lord of the Treasury, Governor of the British Virgin Islands and Gibraltar, the 3rd Earl of Bute, Secretary of State for Justice, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP
His Grace The Duke of Bedford Nathaniel Joseph Benedikt August Johannes Anton Michael Adam Garland, First Lord of the Admiralty, Secretary at War, Secretary of State for the Southern Department, KT, KG, KB, PC, FRS, MP
The Right Honourable Earl Grey, Joseph Archibald Grey, Lord President of the Council, Secretary of State for the Southern Department, Third Lord of the Treasury, Governor of Port Royal, British Ambassador to Switzerland, 1st Earl Grey, Viscount Howick, Baron Grey, KG, KB, FRS, MP for Northumberland
The Right Honourable Earl of Portsmouth, Lord Nathaniel Huntington II, Master-General of the Board of Ordnance, Paymaster of the Forces, Head of the British Royal Army, A Director of the EITC Court of Directors, 1st Earl of Portsmouth, Viscount Lymington, Vice-Admiral of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, KB, FRS, MP
The Right Honourable Earl of Chichester, Lord James Goldtimbers, Second Sea Lord of the Royal Navy, Master of the Great Wardrobe, Colonel of The 2nd Queens Regiment of Dragoon Guards, Great Master of the Order of the Bath, Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire, Custos Rotulorum of Northamptonshire, 1st Earl of Chicester, KB, FRS, MP
His Grace The Duke of Argyll, Richard Liethbridge Campbell Venables, Colonel of The Duke of Argyll's Regiment of Foot, British Minister to Denmark, High Sheriff of Argyllshire, Master of the Household of Scotland, Keeper of the Royal Castle of Carrickm, 1st Duke of Argyll, Earl of Argyll, Baronet of Lundie, Lord Inveraray, Mull, Mover and Tiry, KG, KB, MP
The Honourable Sir William Brawlmartin, Speaker of the House of Commons, Governor of Sierra Leone, Captain in His Majesty's Army, Chairman of the East India Company, A Director in the EITC Court of Directors, East India Company Lieutenant-Governor, MP
The Right Honourable Earl of Buckinghamshire, William Geoffrey Averill Yellowbones, 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire, Baron Hobart, 1st Baronet of Intwood, FRS, MP
The Honourable Bartholomew Wolfgang Jäger Swordfury, Major in His Majesty's Army, Governor of Newfoundland and Assam, 1st Baronet, MP